Empowering WMEN Through Electrification

The overall research objective is to account for the various factors that enhance and restrict women's opportunities and empowerment through electrification, both as the users of electricity services and as involved actors in the provision of electricity.

The research area of the project is "Electrification through grid and decentralized systems", which is one of the five research areas under the ENERGIA Gender and Energy Research Programme Framework (a Five-Year Sub-Programme on "Gender and Sustainable Energy for All", supported by the DFID ). This programme aims to build the evidence base for improving energy interventions' effectiveness by taking a gender approach. Taking a gender approach in policy and action will be necessary to achieve the target of universal access to energy by 2030.

The EFEWEE project aims to examine how women's opportunities and empowerment are affected by:

  • The choice and design of technological system, with a specific focus on comparing grid/centralized and decentralized solutions for electricity supply;
  • Ownership and management of the systems;
  • The process of electrification;
  • Socio-cultural factors and practices (e.g., gender ideologies, roles and relations, household finances, poverty, etc.);
  • Policy, regulations, and financing schemes;
  • International actors, development partners, and non-governmental/civil society.

By examining these issues for various types of interventions in different contexts, the project team intends to provide an analytical comparison of the processes, technologies, and contextual factors that come into play in electrification in terms of how they condition women's degree of empowerment.

Work packages

The research is organized into the following six work packages:

  • Project management
  • Literature review and research design
  • Empirical case studies in India, Kenya, and Nepal
  • Field survey
  • Synthesis
  • Dissemination, stakeholder engagement, and recommendations


The research methodology includes a scoping phase, qualitative case studies, and a cross-country survey. The empirical research will be conducted in India, Nepal, and Kenya, and focus on both centralized and decentralized electricity systems. We aim to keep close contact with stakeholders throughout the process.

The various steps for project implementation are as follows:

  • Document study and research design
  • Qualitative case studies
  • Preliminary synthesis and survey design
  • Cross-country survey
  • Synthesis
  • Outputs

For more information please Contact Us

Social Transformation DivisionThe Energy and Resources Institute
India Habitat Centre, Lodhi Road New Delhi- 110003, India

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